Glycogen Metabolism

Glycogen is a multibranched polysaccharide of glucose that serves as a form of energy storage in humans,[2] animals,[3] fungi, and bacteria. The polysaccharide structure represents the main storage form of glucose in the body.
Glycogen is a multibranched polysaccharide of glucose that serves as a form of energy storage in humans,[2] animals,[3] fungi, and bacteria. The polysaccharide structure represents the main storage form of glucose in the body.
Glycogen is not as reduced as fatty acids are and consequently not as energy rich. Why do animals store any energy as glycogen? Why not convert all excess fuel into fatty acids? Glycogen is an important fuel reserve for several reasons. The controlled breakdown of glycogen and release of glucose increase the amount of glucose that is available between meals. Hence, glycogen serves as a buffer to maintain blood-glucose levels. Glycogen’s role in maintaining blood-glucose levels is especially important because glucose is virtually the only fuel used by the brain, except during prolonged starvation. Moreover, the glucose from glycogen is readily mobilized and is therefore a good source of energy for sudden, strenuous activity. Unlike fatty acids, the released glucose can provide energy in the absence of oxygen and can thus supply energy for anaerobic activity.

The two major sites of glycogen storage are the liver and skeletal muscle. The concentration of glycogen is higher in the liver than in muscle (10% versus 2% by weight), but more glycogen is stored in skeletal muscle overall because of its much greater mass. Glycogen is present in the cytosol in the form of granules ranging in diameter from 10 to 40 nm. In the liver, glycogen synthesis and degradation are regulated to maintain blood-glucose levels as required to meet the needs of the organism as a whole. In contrast, in muscle, these processes are regulated to meet the energy needs of the muscle itself.

Biochemistry. 5th edition. Berg JM, Tymoczko JL, Stryer L. New York: W H Freeman; 2002.

Tips to manage stress and energy

Problem

Stress prevents to restore body’s energy reserve. (With energy reserve here is meant the glycogen reserve in liver and muscles.) Low energy reserve enforces stress reaction and leads to cognitive tunneling.

Things to keep in mind

  1. Focus on People and Environment around you to manage stress.
  2. Focus on Yourself to restore body energy reserve.

Over all

Look for social acceptance.  Most of the Stress is caused by disdainful attitude of people around you, especially the closest ones. Someone might insult, criticize, admonish, complain or ignore you. And they would dare to do that if you’ll not look big, balanced and powerful enough. Enough means more than the abuser. People expose disdainful attitude (contempt, disdain, scorn) to force others into humility. Just because this makes them feel better. When the victim obeys it, attacker might follow up with mercy and tolerance. From this perspective mother Theresa is a real beast. 🙂 Monitor constantly for respectful attitude from others. Good looking, high energy would prevent from being abused in this stressful way.

Remember to breath as this would use body’s fat for energy instead of precious glycogen. You need it to cover intense load of brain and anaerobic work of muscle.

Morning

Mange stress: Make other males stressed about things you care. Call them, write them, meet them. Ask what you want.

Manage energy: Eat the first meal after some job is done, physical exercising – cold bath – running is accomplished. After meal take warm bath and a nap for 0.5 hour or more.

Diet

Eat carbohydrates separate from protein. If mixed, it would lead to higher blood glucose level. Protein would increase insulin resistance, thus glucose will not get into cells to create glycogen. For example 2 day carbohydrates, one day protein.

Eat everything with fat – lard, butter, coconut oil.

After long exhausting activities eat carbohydrates first, protein next day.

After sprint activities eat protein and relax for couple of hours.

Evening

Take warm bath before sleep, no matter what a clock it is. Take it.